Learning how to build a fireplace is as simple or complex as you want to make it. In this article we will discuss the basic elements.(You may want to further your knowledge and build your own fireplace, build a stone fireplace, or learn how to build a fireplace mantel, with several books that we will recommend.)
The home is where the "hearth" is. Truly! After a long day, nothing in the home can be more inviting than the warmth of the fireplace, where one can get cozy with the near and dear ones. To create a fireplace of one's own choice, you must know how to build a fireplace; there are a few steps to be followed.
Selecting the materials
main materials required are mortar, moisture resistant barrier
(roofing felt/Tyvec), expanded metal lathe, plastic covering,
finishing trowel, whisk broom, mason's trowel, hammer, staple gun,
grout bag, 1/2" tuck pointer and circular saw.
How to build a fireplace, the building-up process...
After collecting all the necessary materials, the step-by-step building-up process has to be initiated as follows:
- Remove the
front glass of the fireplace and take off existing trim
- Attach the
weatherproof barrier in the walls.
- The edges
should be taped and the fireplace opening as well as the
surrounding floor has to be covered with a plastic.
- The mortar
must be mixed with the water just in right proportion, not too wet
or too dry. A thin scratch court of the mortar must be applied to
cover the entire surface as well as the mesh. This thin court of
mortar must be left overnight.
- Next day, place the stones. For that, measure the square footage of total area to be covered and then arrange the stones, thick and thin, light and dark on the floor like a puzzle. This would give an idea of how to place them finally.
After the stones are on, fill the joints with mortar using a grout bag. Leave it for an hour or two to let the mortar harden a bit and then use the 1/2" tuck pointer to both packing in and scraping away the excess mortar. The dry mortar crumbles away, and until the edges of the stone are exposed. Continue the process.
the loose mortar away with the whiskbroom.
How To Build A Fireplace: The Mantel...
The mantel is an important part of ones quest to learn how to build a fireplace. A well crafted mantel makes all the difference in terms of a nice looking fireplace, so as you learn how to build a fireplace, put some thought into how to build a fireplace mantel...
Lay a bed joint on the mantel with strips or mortar (thickness: around 5/8 of an inch) along the outer and the inner edges. When the area is well covered, place the stones and set. Leave a half-inch gap between every two stones and later fill it with mortar.